Teaching, a certain sage, Gaudapada by name, has written a poem. This poem is now translated, prefaced by the Mandukya Upanishad itself. Gaudapada. Gaudapada, grand Guru of Shankara, is the author of Mandukya Karika, a commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. It was written in 8th century, and is the earliest. : Mandukya Upanishad with Gaudapada’s Karika eBook: Gaudapada, Charles Johnston: Kindle Store.

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Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad

This fact was not mentioned by the Buddha. It is unrelated to any effect and is immutable.

For the object is certainly non-existent and [the ideas constituting] the appearances of object are not separate from consciousness. For that which has no cause has no birth also.

Verses of the Gaudapada Karika are traditionally associated with Verse 7 of the Mandukya Upanishad. Assuming how long each lived and when, Gaudapada is estimated to have lived sometime in the 7th century CE. All beings, too, are free from birth. The meaning here is that this material Universe was created. Nothing whatsoever is born either of itself or of something else.

This evil, if there is any, is insignificant. But Prajna is associated with sleep in the form of cause and this sleep does not exist in Turiya. He who has realized Brahman attains peace. Having realised the Truth that is uncaused and having abstained from obtaining any further cause, one attains the state of fearlessness that is devoid of grief and delusion [kama].

Mandukya Upanishad with Gaudapada’s Karika

It was written in 8th century, and is the earliest available systematic treatise on Advaita. Just as when the karija, etc. It is reasonable to hold both these to be unreal. Chronologically, according to Hajime Nakamurathe Buddhist texts that quote from Gaudapada Karikas imply that the Vedantic ideas in the first three chapters are of greater antiquity.


In fact this vision of the great Seers of the scriptures can also be understood empirically through these very laws of thermodynamics.

Gaudapada Karika then acknowledges the theory of Ajativada or non-origination of the Buddhas Buddhists. Prajna being consciousness alone and at rest the state is harmony and bliss. The wise realize such a mind to be Brahman; It is undifferentiated, birthless and non—dual. Vaisvanara, whose field is the waking state, is the first sound, A, because this encompasses all, and because it is the first. If there be birth for a thing, however insignificant it may be, non-attachment shall never be possible for the ignorant man.

This is not the view of Buddha.

Creation is the mere will of the Lord, say those who thought out well the [process of] creation, but those who rely upon time hold that the birth of beings is from time. Having understood AUM quarter by quarter, one should not kariak of anything else. What is called the illustration of a seed and a sprout is always equal to the major term [yet to be proved].

This theory does not acknowledge the kaika of existence itself. With this verse Gaudapada is negating all of these theories. How can the unreal be the gwudapada of the Real?

The dualist sees duality in both the Absolute and the relative. There is a mere fascination for unreal things, though there exists no duality. Although all qualities are always present throughout creation the quality of Satwa, equilibrium is seen as desirable. How can creation be due to a desire of the Absolute? The Purusha manifests the conscious beings in their manifold forms. A man of puerile imagination definitely covers the Self by affirming that It “exists”, “exists not”, “exists and exists not”, mandukyz again, “exists not”, “exists not”, and by possessing such views as [that It is] changing and unchanging, both changing and unchanging and non-existent.


Fear is the result of duality. One and the same All-pervading is traditionally known lit. Again, the letter M leads to p rajna. Again, that which is said to exist on the strength of the views advanced by other schools of thought gzudapada not really exist.

There is no non-existent that serves as the cause of the non-existent, in the same way as the existent does not serve as the cause of the non-existent. There is nothing outside it. Vaisvanara Atman, whose sphere of activity is the waking state, is A, the first letter of AUM, on account of his all— pervasiveness or on account of his being the first.

Augustinian theodicy Best of all possible worlds Euthyphro dilemma Inconsistent triad Irenaean theodicy Natural evil Theodicy. Once the Absolute Self is realised duality is known as false and so reality becomes known. When the false notion of these two comes to an end, the state of Turiya is attained. Their difference lies only in the difference of the organs by means of which they are perceived.

On acquiring knowledge [of the threefold objects] and on knowing the objects in succession, there follows consequently, for the man of great intellect here, the state of omniscience for ever.

Verse 12 of the Mandukya Upanishad are traditionally associated with Verses of the Gaudapada Karika.

The real cannot be the cause of the real. To this end he gives the analogy of space and jars. But this [view of the non-dualist] is in no conflict with them.