Saneamento Básico (Portuguese Lei 07 lei do. LEGISLAÇÃO E SANEAMENTO BÁSICO. ESTATUTO DA CIDADE. Lei Nº. de Julho de SANEAMENTO BASICO. Lei Nº. de 05 de Janeiro. Pan American Health Organization Política e Plano de Saneamento Ambiental: and operation, and the National Sanitation Policy (Federal Law ), whose councils are not deliberative. .. Guia para a elaboração de Planos Municipais de Saneamento Básico – Brasília: ______ Lei , de 5 de janeiro de
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It is important to focus on the social conditions which limit participation. A complicated web of un-enforced or weakly enforced statutory requirements e.
This model therefore supposes an ascending scale of participative processes. In some cases municipalities have challenged the legality of service provision by state companies that do not have concession contracts with municipalities.
Lack of autonomy restricts the development of the people’s capacity for association, limiting their ability to learn about citizenship.
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It is worth noting the differences in the way community forums sqneamento in small and medium-sized municipalities and in larger cities. Jouralev recommends investing in the training and education of the population. Especially municipalities in the poorest states have failed to submit plans, thus potentially cutting themselves off from federal funding.
Water supply and sanitation in Brazil
Based on reflections on the experiences presented in the documentation, suggestions were put forward to advance social control strategies in sanitation. The level has remained unchanged since From this point of view, it is hoped bsido the population can participate in the planning, implementing and upkeep of sanitation activities, so that the community can own both these and health-related actions, and in this way contribute to their effectiveness and sustainability.
The Federal Constitution was drafted without citing popular participation, but it met the populations’ demands, amongst which we highlight participation in public policies. However, it is less a reflection of financial strength of the utilities, but rather a symptom of a historically low level of investment in Marshall, popular education is a social right, which is generally attained after civil and political rights have been achieved.
The current research is based on experiences of social control strategies related to sanitation and policies in other more consolidated sectors, analyzed here in light of the theories of Raymundo Faoro and other social scientists who study social control and related topics. Fostering oei projects related to social participation in public policies is an element which can positively impact on the quality of participation and strengthen citizenship. The fact that participation is associated to civil society organizations and saneanento the council is consultative in nature may not only demotivate participation but also weaken social mobilization by establishing the need for specific and topical organizations.
Retrieved September 17, Thus, it is reasonable to question the role of education in the social control of public policies, given that individuals are duty bound to know the law without, however, enjoying the conditions for this to be the case. The favorable performance of the economy, saneamentp scale of the system being installed, the amount of funds available and the subsidized interest rates on loans, all helped services to expand quickly.
This strategy also included diversifying the origin of the funds, opening the company’s capital to private investors, as well as contracting out the management of systems to local aaneamento operators.
Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
Setting up mechanisms or procedures for popular participation in the regulatory process does not in itself guarantee effective participation. Investment in water services was given priority because it was less costly and produced a quicker return through water charges.
The PNSB has ushered in new principles and objectives and stimulated new and more inclusive practices, guaranteeing social control. The use of techniques which prioritize the demands and knowledge of communities without being limited to specific topics promotes the involvement of unusual and diverse sectors of society in debates around sanitation issues.
However, popular participation, as established by law, constituted a dilemma in that the success of participative arenas to control government actions is dependent on the willingness of governments to be controlled.
Water supply and sanitation in Brazil – Wikipedia
The fact that social control is guaranteed by the Constitution does not mean it will be put in practice. The institutionalization of these sectors may have happened because the state granted people this right before popular movements became strong enough to make do without formal recognition. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. An interdisciplinary approach emerges from real facts and demands to which pertinent and specific technical contributions can be integrated.
The educational process pointed to sameamento is not limited to formal education spaces, bsicl includes understanding that learning is constantly taking place through daily experiences. Furthermore, it is important to implement a process for the qualitative evaluation of these strategies. Therefore, consolidating social control strategies requires the constant search for means of exercising the counter-control of power in Brazilian society.
In addition, although there was significant expansion of services all over Brazil, Planasa gave priority to the country’s richer regions of the South and South East; most of the investment was concentrated in the larger cities, and within these cities, in the better-off sections of the population.
The central role of municipalities in water supply and sanitation was thus confirmed by the Federal Constitutiononly to be fundamentally altered a year later.
Social control of public policies The Federal Constitution was drafted without citing popular participation, but it met the populations’ demands, amongst which we highlight participation in public policies. However, loans from the Caixa and BNDES are not made directly to utilities, but to the states, which in turn pass on funds to the utilities as a non-reimbursable contribution to their capital.
The Federal Constitution does not clearly assign the responsibility for water supply and sanitation to either municipalities or states.