primarily by Maurizio Lazzarato, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri – succeed, to a certain extent .. Lazzarato, M. () ‘Immaterial Labor’, trans. P. Colilli and. Much of the work performed today is immaterial labor and it involves new power relations in which NOTE: Lazzarato is not describing digital. At the simplest level of definition, Lazzarato claims that immaterial labor is “labor that produces the informational and cultural content of the.

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Maurizio Lazzarato Immaterial Labor.

Radical Thought in Italy: In this article translated from Italian by Paul Colilli and Ed EmoryMaurizio Lazzarato sets out to describe the idea of ” immaterial labor Lazzarato plots a transition in this immaterial labor towards “mass intellectuality” and lazzarafo widespread growth starting in the s, arguing that we should abandon dichotomies between “mental and manual labor” or “material labor and immaterial labor” to see how the “labor process” incorporates both.

Lazzarato starts with post-fordism, where workers have greater agency and responsibility, who is an “interface In this environment, argues Lazzarato, “the capitalist needs to find an unmediated way of establishing command over subjectivity itself.

The “tone” of Albor remains, but the means change. Lazzarato says that this highlights a dilemma for companies, who must support autonomy of workers while also meeting the requirements of production.

Immaterial Labour Overheads

He identifies Human Resources research and management, along with computer and media systems as the systems that mediate companies’ engagement with this dilemma ,7. Lazzarato argues that this model “threatens to be even more totalitarian than the earlier rigid divisions betwene mental and manual labor Lazzarato argues that the work laszarato immaterial production “audiovisual lazzarago, advertising, fashion Nor does this production happen in factories, but in networks of “reproduction and enrichment” ,7.


The reult is an independent “self-employed” worker, “an intellectual proletarian” marked by “precariousness, hyperexploitation, mobility, and hierarchy”7. In this context of ad-hoc creative cooperation, the unit of analysis is not the factory but the project. Lazzarato also notes that “in this kind of working existence it becomes increasingly lazzrato to distinguish leisure time from work time Lazzarato calls it “living labor.

In this context, the divide between production and consumption is reshaped into a new kind of relationship, where the activities of consumption and development in consumer tastes and public opinion are themselves a form of immaterial labor. Furthermore, when cultural products are “consumed” they are not destroyed, but in fact “enlarges, transforms, and creates the ‘ideological’ and cultural environment of the consumer”, transforming the person who uses the products8.

Immaterial labor – Wikipedia

Lazzarato argues that immaterial labor occurs when companies co-opt a wider capacity for social labor “takes it on board and adapts it”8. Lazzarato makes an argument about classical economics versus system theory, suggesting that if we move beyond them, we can define “a space for radical autonomy of the productive synergies of immaterial labor”In effect, Lazzarato argues that social production offers the possibility of a “silent revolution” beyond capitalism.

Lazzarato argues that role of communication is the key distinguishing feature between Fordism and post-Fordism. Consumption becomes “consumption of information” ,1.

Immaterial labor

In this section, Lazzarato argues that the subjugation of networks and “productive synergies” of immaterial labor to capitalist logic “does not take away the autonomy of the constitution and meaning of immaterial labor” but instead “opens up antagonisms and contradictions” ,5. Because audience reception, a creative act in its own right, becomes part of the product, companies must struggle to control and subordinate that creative response ,5.


Secondly, companies find themselves lazzzarato pressure to conform to public values as they creatively respond. Lazzarato concludes by calling into question major theories of creativity, whether Simmel’s idea of fashion, or Bakhtin’s division betwen material and immaterial labour. This paper offers a profoundly helpful link between trends in political economy towards postindustrial, post-fordist, post-Taylorist economic models and trends in HCI and data kmmaterial towards the behavioural sciences, especially in the areas of online creativity.

Great parallel reads would be Nudge Nudge, Think Think: The Restructured Worker Lazzarato starts with post-fordism, where workers have greater agency and responsibility, who is an “interface The Autonomy of the Productive Synergies of Immaterial Labor Lazzarato argues that immaterial labor occurs immatdrial companies co-opt a wider capacity for social labor mimaterial it on board and adapts it”8. The Cycle of Immaterial Prodution Lazzarato argues that role of communication is the key distinguishing feature between Fordism and post-Fordism.

Large-Scale Industry and Services Lazzarato describes how older forms of labor are transformed in post-Fordism: Postindustrial enterprises “are founded on the manipulation of information.

In this context, “the audience Theoretical and practical relevance: Retrieved from ” https: Views Read View form View source View history.

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