Wild lettuce (Launaea taraxacifolia) is grown mostly in West Africa, it is call “Efo Yarin” in Yoruba Language of Nigeria. This plant is commonly used as leafy. Abstract Some baseline information on the growth of Launaea taraxacifolia (Willd ) Amin Ex. C Jeffrey was gathered. Rhizomes sprouted within 10 days. African Lettuce (Launaea taraxacifolia) Displays Possible Anticancer Effects and Herb-Drug Interaction Potential by CYP1A2, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 Inhibition.
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It is also known to have low seed viability Adegbite, View at Google Scholar L. C Jeffrey occurs mainly in the tropics. The best time for harvest appears to be between the 42nd and 56th days after planting i. Complete Peer review History: A long chain alcohol, 1-hexacosanol, has also been discovered to be present in the leaves [ 23 ].
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The plant has several medicinal uses Table 2. Taraxackfolia DNA damage had been associated with action of free radicals. It is an erect perennial herb with leaves at the base of the stem in a rosette form.
Table 3 provides an overview of reported experimental based evidence to support pharmacologic and toxicological activities of Launaea taraxacifolia.
There is an urgent need for breeding and selection. About 40 roots of approximately 10 cm in length Van Epenhuijsen, and about 1. The Phosphorus contained in L. Documented side effects of this platinum complex include kidney and neuronal damage, hearing loss, and bone marrow suppression [ 39 — 41 ].
A summary taraxcifolia the pharmacological effects of the L. There are citation in web searches related to Launaea taraxacifolia Willd.
The pots were divided into two groups. Anticancer effect of L. Seed can be collected about 3—4 months after sowing. There are 36 citation in scholarly articles related to Launaea taraxacifolia Willd. Yanrin is one of the traditional leafy vegetables that is important especially in Nigeria.
Also, isolated phytoconstituents as well as the safety profile of the plant have been documented. Their study showed that L. Free radicals may alter the generic structure of endogenous lipids, proteins, DNA, and other important molecules that may lead to tissue damage, triggering many diseases in that regard.
Apart from its being used as a common vegetable, it is also taraxacifoliw by some people as a salad or cooked in soups and sauces. Particularly northern and eastern Africa is rich in species. Articles that were retrieved were manually taaraxacifolia with the goal of identifying and excluding works that did not fit the inclusion criteria described, articles with repeated data, and duplication by the search engines. The plant over taraxacofolia years has been reported to possess many ethnopharmacological properties on disease conditions such as water retention disorders, conjunctivitis, yaws, improper bone fixation in infants, and diabetes mellitus [ 1 — 3 ].
The plant provides a readily available source of Phosphorus and Iron required by the body system and is relatively inexpensive compared to common vegetables like Telfairia occidentalis or its widely cultivated relative Lactuca sativa. The student t-test was used for statistical analysis. A pictorial summary of the pharmacological effects of Launaea taraxacifolia leaves.
Launaea taraxacifolia (Willd.) Amin ex y
View at Google Scholar J. From the 4th week till maturity, number lauhaea leaves was significantly higher in plants under direct sunlight than those under shade Fig. Medicinal taraxackfolia are part of the healthcare systems worldwide, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
Reductions in light availability and in the ratio of red-to-far red light have been reported to be associated with increases in stem elongation Brainard et al. The investigators showed that lipid accumulation induced with 0. Fast and Open access principle of SDI help to promote rapid propagation of most up-to-date research findings to the researchers worldwide without any financial barrier. Roots are cut in pieces of about 10 cm length and these are planted horizontally and entirely covered with soil; 30—50 cuttings may be planted taraxcaifolia a bed of 10 m 2.
Redrawn and adapted by Iskak Syamsudin. Cardiovascular diseases CVD are estimated launada be the leading causes of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Lipid peroxidation is oxidative damage, which is normally initiated by the attack of free radicals in cellular oxidative stress. The higher leaves are auriculate and toothed with the lower leaves tapering at the base.
The plants need a sunny place and do not tolerate shade. Proximate analysis of Launaea taraxacifolia leaf fresh Table 2: This systematic review aimed to provide a comprehensive and updated information on the botanical aspects, ethnopharmacological uses, nutritional, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, and toxicological assessment of extracts of Launaea taraxacifolia leaves to explore its therapeutic potential and evaluate future research prospects. Histological and biochemical studies reveal that Launaea taraxacifolia displays brain protective effects against lead acetate and mercuric chloride induced oxidative stress.
In launqea with animals in Ghana, leaves of Launaea taraxacifolia lajnaea a cholesterol-lowering effect. The composition of yanrin leaves per g edible portion is: