The Jominy end quench test. Introduction: The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a.

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There are conversion charts between the hardness scales. Look at both the microstructures at high magnification, and try to observe the relationship between the volume fraction of martensite and the hardness of the steel. Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a 1mm diameter wood-working drill.

After quenching the hardness profile is measured at intervals from the quenched end after the surface has been ground back to remove any effects of decarburisation 0.

Take a sample from the furnace and place it on the Jominy test fixtures and observe the cooling pattern.

The graph below gives the Jominy end quench data in terms of the Rockwell hardness number. Hardenability therefore describes the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions. The hardenability depends on the alloy composition of the steel, and can also be affected by prior processing, such as the austenitisation temperature. Jomkny Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA.

The cooling rate varies along the qhench of the sample from very rapid at the quenched end, to rates equivalent to air cooling at the other end.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The data is shown as Tesr and Rockwell hardness. You have three steels. Hardenability is the ability of a steel to partially or completely transform from austenite to some fraction of martensite at a quencn depth below the surface, when cooled under a given condition. It is typically used with lower carbon steels.


The Rockwell hardness test measures a number which depends on the difference in the depth of an indentation made by two loads, a minor load followed by a major load.

DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

This alternative longer video clip contributed by Oxford Brookes University shows both the transfer of the sample from furnace to Jominy machine, and the jet spraying one end of the sample. For example, the cooling rate at a distance of 9.

Structure of En 24 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar. A jet of water emerges from the cone at the bottom, to touch the lower end of the sample. This requires quuench addition of “gettering” elements such as aluminium and titanium to react preferentially with the oxygen and nitrogen in the steel. Jomiiny is not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the information obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure.

Effects of alloying and microstructure Example Jominy end quench test data Heat flow simulation Quench test simulation Summary Questions Going further.

The hardness number is usually denoted by HV20 for H ardness V ickers 20 kg, for example. This describes the ability of the steel to be hardened in depth by quenching. The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. The variation of hardness was measured with distance from the quenched end.

Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical quebch, residual stress and distortion in a tool for high speed milling of steel components. High hardenability allows slower quenches to be used e. The recorded hardness depends on the indentation load and the width of the square indentation made by the diamond. The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility.


Steel compositions are sometimes described in terms of a carbon equivalent which describes the magnitude of the effect of all of the elements on hardenability. Jominy end quench unit for testing the hardenability of steels.

The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

The effect of boron is also independent of the amount of boron, provided sufficient is added, and the effect of boron jlminy greatest at lower carbon contents. This results in a progressive decrease in the rate of cooling along the bar from the quenched end. Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. Two specimens of a low alloy steel with 0.

This is commonly used in the USA. The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel.

Jominy End Quench Test

Data from the Jominy end quench test can be used to determine whether a particular steel can be sufficiently hardened in different quenching media, for different section diameters. In this heat flow simulation you can adjust various parameters and observe the effect on the heat flow and cooling of the specimen.

However, the jomminy is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. Structure of En 24 at 10 cm position along Jominy bar, furthest from the quenched end.

Your browser does not support the video tag. The Vickers test is most commonly used in the UK. Here a specimen is in place. Three medium carbon steels 0. The interval is typically 1. There are quite complex interactions between the different elements, which also affect the temperatures of ebd phase transformation and the resultant microstructure.