Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.
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In 18th and in 19th century, anamorphic images had come to be used more as children’s games than fine art. Paris,X, — 8 Dec.
Niceron, Jean-François |
Dynamic Geometry Software by Adrian Oldknow. In the original work, Niceron concentrated primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptricsand on the illusory effects of optics, then traditionally associated with natural magic. Niceron’s academic connections kept him well informed about the latest advancements in scientific thinking, particularly within the fields of optics and geometry. His connection with these societies led to associations with some of the top intellectuals from Paris and Rome.
Book II, which is addressed to the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces for example, vaults and nichespresents a general technique of anamorphosis; that is, the determination of the surface distortions necessary to bring a picture into perspective when viewed from a given point.
Ignazio in Rome, painted by Andrea Pozzo, represented the pinnacle of illusion.
Retrieved 30 April Views Read Edit View history. A later expanded treatise ensured Niceron’s place in history. The Artificial Magic in Optical Distortions Catoptrics is an area of study concerned with the properties of reflection and the formation of images by reflecting light off mirrors.
It’s comforting to see that some of my own fumbling experiments in the field of calculated perspective weren’t entirely a waste of time. Some commentary suggests that Niceron was a leading lightif not the nicerno, to properly attempt an analysis of optical properties such as anamorphosis.
Hans Holbein the Younger is well known for incorporating this type of anamorphic trick. When standing in front of the art work in a specific spot, the architecture blends with the decorative painting.
Book IV deals with the distortions created by refraction. This was to have been followed by two other editions, but Niceron died before he could complete them.
A number of editions were released from the s to the s that varied the amount of text from the first edition. Jan Dibbets conceptual works, the so-called “perspective corrections” are examples of “linear” anamorphoses. Geometric Perspective and, no doubt, others I’m forgetting. He was a native of Paris but travelled widely in Europe and was awarded a professorship in Rome.
Book four deals with the distortions created by refraction. Book four deals with the distortions created by refraction. It contained the first published reference to Descartes’s njceron of the law of refraction. Newer Post Older Post Home.
Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Short Museo Galileo page on anamorphosis note sidebar links BNF has a lot in its online catalogue, but I’m not sure how much is actually online. The and editions are both available online. The second book addresses the problem of establishing perspective for franocis executed on curved or irregular surfaces, like vaults and niches, and presents the general technique of anamorphosis.
Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne in French. During the 17th century, Baroque trompe l’oeil murals often used this technique to combine actual architectural elements with an illusion. Book III discusses the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors.
These relationships with the academic world helped him stay up to date with intellectual advancements. The frequent travels required by the latter post weakened his already frail health, and he died at the age of thirty-three while visiting Aix. From to he collaborated with a group of scientists in Rome including Magiotti, Baliani, Kircher, Ricci, and Maignan in conducting experiments suggested by the work of Galileo.