Tratat de istorie a religiilor has ratings and 17 reviews. „Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvălui ca atare decât considerat în propria sa modalitate. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.
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Eliade noted that, when traditional societies found a new territory, they often perform consecrating rituals that reenact the hierophany that established the Center and founded the world.
The latter’s portrayal, accomplished through statements made by the eponymous character, is polemical: Eliade notes that, in traditional societies, myth represents the absolute truth about primordial time. Whether in Augustan Rome or modern Europe, democracy all too easily gave way to totalitarianismtechnology was as readily used for battle as for comfort, and immense religiipor lay alongside abysmal poverty.
In contrast, Professor Kees W. The ZoroastrianJewishChristianand Repigiilor traditions embrace linear, historical time as sacred or capable of sanctification, while some Eastern traditions largely reject the notion of sacred time, seeking escape from the cycles of time. In belief systems that involve a deus otiosusthe distant High God is believed to have been closer to humans during the mythical age. With a group of friends, he designed and sailed a boat on the Danubefrom Tulcea to the Black Sea.
Eliade’s image in contemporary religii,or also has political implications. As a result, his daughter decides to have intercourse with a lowly stranger, becoming pregnant in the hope that her parents would consequently allow her to marry her lover.
Although she falls in love, the young woman does not give in to his pressures, but eventually allows herself to be abused and impregnated by another character, letting the object of her affection know that she had thought of him all along.
According to the logic of the eternal returnthe site of each such symbolic Center will actually be the Center of the World:. The narrative is again built on “notebooks” to which Allan adds his comments.
Eliade kept a particularly fond memory of his childhood and, later in life, wrote about the impact various unusual episodes and encounters had on his mind. His early condemnation of Nazi antisemitic policies was accompanied by his caution and moderation in regard to Nae Ionescu ‘s various anti-Jewish attacks. The young writer was however careful to clarify that the existence istkria took into consideration was not relitiilor life of “instincts and personal idiosyncrasies “, which he believed determined the lives of many humans, but that of a distinct set comprising “personalities”.
Eliade is known for his attempt to find broad, cross-cultural parallels and unities in religion, particularly in myths. Likewise, Eliade notes that Nazism involved a pseudo-pagan mysticism based on ancient Germanic religion. Those who see Eliade’s fascination with the primordial as merely reactionary in the ordinary political or religious sense of the word do not understand the mature Eliade in a sufficiently radical way.
Mircea Eliade – Wikipedia
But, for God’s sake, in any direction other than spirituality. Refresh and try again. Danielopol, a fellow diplomat present in London during Eliade’s stay in the city, later stated that the latter had identified himself as “a guiding light of [the Iron Guard] movement” and victim of Carol II ‘s repression.
In his examinations of shamanism, Eliade emphasizes the shaman’s attribute of regaining man’s condition before the “Fall” out of sacred time: Thus, Eliade argues, modern man can learn to see his historical ordeals, even death, as necessary initiations into the next stage of one’s existence. In Augustwhen Horia Simawho led the Iron Guard during its exile, was rejected by a faction inside the movement, Mircea Eliade’s name was included on a list of persons who supported the latter—although this may have happened without his consent.
Eliade admits that every religious phenomenon is shaped by the particular culture and history that produced it:. They were published sporadically, and covered various stages of his life.
Eliade called this concept the ” eternal return ” distinguished from the philosophical concept of “eternal return”.
Eliade provided relgiiilor distinct explanations for not having met with Sebastian: One of the earliest such pieces was Indiagrouping accounts of the travels he made through the Indian subcontinent.
Uranus” “The Recuperation of Ionathan X. Persuading the pastor’s adolescent son to run away from home, becoming the sexual initiator of a twelve-year-old girl and the lover eliadr a much older woman, the character also attempts to seduce Isabel.
According to Eliade, modern man displays “traces” of “mythological behavior” because he intensely needs sacred time and the eternal return. In his earliest novel, titled Novel of the Nearsighted Adolescent and written in the first person, Eliade depicts iztoria experience through high school. Ornea noted that, in a short section of his Autobiography where he discusses the Einaudi incident, Eliade speaks of “my imprudent acts and errors committed in youth”, as “a series of malentendus that would follow me all my life.
Well, I prefer to put up with my anxiety: As scholars, they knew of primordial societies that had operated differently from modern ones. He explained the use of his signature, his picture, and the picture’s caption, as having been applied by the magazine’s editor, Mihail Polihroniadeto a piece the latter had written after having failed to obtain Eliade’s contribution; he also claimed that, given his respect for Polihroniade, eliadd had not wished to publicize this matter previously.
Eliade cites a wide variety of myths and rituals to support istorja theories.
An endowed chair in the History of Religions at the University of Chicago Divinity School was named after Eliade in recognition of his wide contribution to the research on this subject; the current and first incumbent holder of this chair is Wendy Doniger. Fantasyautobiographytravel literature. What is happening on the frontier with Bukovina is a scandal, because new waves of Jews are flooding into the country.
In contrast, modern man has abandoned mythical archetypes and entered linear, historical time—in this context, unlike many other religions, Christianity attributes value to historical time. According to Eliade, Yoga techniques aim at escaping the limitations of the body, allowing the soul atman to rise above maya and reach the Sacred nirvanamoksha.
According to Eliade’s theory, only the Sacred has value, only a thing’s first appearance has value and, therefore, only the Sacred’s first appearance religiioor value. According to Eliade’s interpretation, religious man apparently feels the need to live not only near, but atthe eliae Center as much as possible, given that the Center is the point of communication with the Sacred.
Retrieved from ” https: The central theme in his novels was erotic love.
File:Eliade Mircea Istoria credintelor si ideilor religioase Pdf – Monoskop
Eliade’s own version of events, presenting his involvement in far right politics as marginal, was judged to contain several inaccuracies and unverifiable claims.
From a psychological point of view, one can decipher here the same nostalgia for the ‘primordial’ and the ‘original’. He was slowly rehabilitated at home beginning in the early s, under the rule of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej.
Ross, Mircea Eliadeon friesian. Eliade describes this view of reality as a fundamental part of “primitive ontology ” the study of “existence” or “reality”.