Unfortunately it did not succeed, so many critics and Zimbabweans blame ESAP, and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) that. An Introduction to ESAP: Zimbabwe By David Coltart. 31st January Danish Volunteer Service Development Workers Meeting. ESAP in Zimbabwe came as a result of the lame economy that the new government inherited and the inappropriate economic policies adopted at independence.

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Many committed and courageous people in various social and political movements are struggling to achieve a progressive political transition in Zimbabwe. Timothy Stamps has acknowledged that only one in ten Zimbabweans can afford to pay for their own health care. Two basic lessons are that: It centered around a social development fund with two parts: This Economic Structural Adjustment Programme which in local parlance has been dubbed “Economic Structural Acquired Poverty” was supposedly a home grown set of economic measures designed to make the Zimbabwean economy more competitive.

Population grew faster than job creation, widening the disparities in income levels. And when Hitler attacked the unions and the industrialists, I was not a member of the unions and I was not concerned.

In the event, there was a lack eeap political transformation to accompany the economic reforms of the s. If the private sector ximbabwe hindered in any way the whole process can break down catastrophically. The initiative has spread to other sectors which include livestock in order to improve the national herd and resume beef exports. The SDA suffered from many problems.

Because ZANU-PF appears to view it as a means to an end I fear that they themselves are part of the problem, not part of answer to our present woes. One result was a sharp decline in average real wages.

‘ESAP was never ideal for Zim’

What if there had been more accountability in such liberalisation processes, would there have been less venal corruption taking over? In education, the picture emerging over the years of ESAP was equally disturbing. Most centralised controls of the economy are in the long term completely contrary to the objectives of the programme. All of this is, of course, a short term view and the reform programme must be given some time to run before we can adequately assess whether or not it is going to work.


Performance audit reports are available to Bank executive directors and staff from the Internal Documents Unit and from Regional Information Service Centers.

In essence, ESAP is a top-down economic strategy which is zimbabwd to resuscitate an economy using massive doses of foreign exchange acquired mostly through loans and hugely increased exports. It makes the exports of the borrowing country more competitive and attractive in the international markets. As a result the exports required ezap repay the loans, and to perpetuate the foreign exchange cycle, do not materialise and the country is left with an economy in the same state it was in prior to the implementation of the project plus a huge foreign debt that it now has to repay.

Furthermore, in all the television programmes organised by Government they have not actually come out and said that they are now committed to capitalism. But what if structural adjustment aka austerity across Africa had been replaced by a more balanced debt restructuring, encouraging investment alongside reform, while protecting basic services and zinbabwe vulnerable?

‘ESAP was never ideal for Zim’ | Celebrating Being Zimbabwean

Yet ESAP is widely seen as an almost unmitigated failure. Retrenched civil servants were to be assisted with retraining and seed capital for entry into the private sector. To illustrate what I mean one must just imagine the situation which can result where large foreign currency loans are incurred and thereafter squandered through mismanagement, corruption and misdirection.


First, old-style interventionism is not a viable way out of the zimbabae impasse.

Here we address two straightforward questions. Social cuts and their consequences The primary response to the continued government deficit and climbing debt servicing was increased pressure to cut real spending on public services, including the cost of overall zimbawbe administration itself. Southern Africa Report Archive Richard Saunders documents the manner in which the ZANU government has allowed its embrace of structural adjustment to drive many more Zimbabweans closer to the wall of poverty.

Dhliwayo notes that although devaluation has some notable consequences its success is that it enables imports of quality international goods and technological goods such as cell phones have dramatically increased.

Germany is a nation that has come to terms with its history, but clearly not this particular detail. In the s, the Highly Indebted Poor Countries HIPC debt release deals were linked to a focus on poverty reduction, and for some countries in Africa it had a positive effect — even if this was only temporary. The program was slow in getting started. Implemented during a severe recession brought on by Zimbabwe’s worst drought in more than a century, the program fsap impressive strides in zibmabwe and domestic regulatory policy, creating the basis for self-sustaining growth.

Clearly something had to be done about the economy. This article evaluates these competing views in order to generate an informed assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the policy regimes of the s and the s and concludes with an assessment of their impact and of what they suggest for the future.