Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.
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The root of such inability is not to be sought in scientific, technical or economic reasons, but in the absense of mutual trust. Each fears that the other harbors plans of conquest and is only waiting for a favorable moment to put these plans into effect.
PARROQUIA SAGRADA FAMILIA: ENCÍCLICA “MATER ET MAGISTRA” DEL PAPA JUAN XXIII
We are sick at heart, therefore, when We observe the contradiction which has beguiled so much modern thinking. Scientific and technical progress, greater productive efficiency and a higher standard of living are among the many present-day factors which would seem to have contributed to this trend.
Let men make all the technical and economic progress they can, there will be no peace nor justice in the world until they return to a sense of their dignity as creatures and sons of God, who is the first and final cause of all created being.
There is no reason for such a doubt to persist. As a rule no single commonwealth has sufficient resources at its command to solve the more important scientific, technical, economic, social, political and cultural problems which confront it at the present time.
Separated from God a man is but a monster, in himself and toward others; for the right ordering of human society presupposes the right ordering of man’s conscience with God, who is Himself the source of all justice, truth and love. This attitude is contagious, especially when it infects the work that is being done for the less developed countries, which have often preserved in their ancient traditions an acute and vital awareness of the more important human values, on which the moral order rests.
Again, some countries use primitive methods of agriculture, with the result that, for all their abundance of natural resources, they are not able to produce enough food to feed their population; whereas other countries, using modern methods of agriculture, produce a surplus of food which has an adverse effect on the economy. And in other countries a notable percentage of income is absorbed in building up an ill-conceived national prestige, and vast sums are spent on armaments.
On the contrary, it must be brought into the service of human life. Pope Pius XI further emphasized the fundamental opposition between Communism and Christianity, and made it clear that no Catholic could subscribe even to moderate Socialism. The members of these associations, besides profiting personally from their own day to day experience in this field, can also help in the social education of the rising generation by giving it the benefit of the experience they have gained.
And this is as it should be. They can help themselves only in so far as they succeed in helping one another.
Farmers are unable to pay high rates of interest. The lone voice is not likely to command much of a hearing in times such as ours.
We are bound above all to consider as an ideal the kind of farm which is owned and managed by the family. We would observe, finally, that the efforts of individuals, or of groups of private citizens, are definitely more effective in promoting spiritual values than is the activity of public authority. Facilities could then be provided for the training of such people for their new kind of work, and they would not be left without economic aid and the mental and spiritual assistance they need to ensure their proper integration in their new social milieu.
Concerning the use of material goods, Our Predecessor declared that the right of every man to use these for his own sustenance is prior to every other economic right, even that of private property.
They want, that is, to restrain and, if possible, to eliminate the soul’s upward surge toward God. It was promulgated on 15 May Every effort must be made in the prevailing circumstances to give effective encouragement to farming enterprises of this nature.
Given the special nature of agricultural produce, modern economists must devise a suitable means of price protection.
To this end, a sane view of the common good must be present and operative in men invested with public authority. Every man has, of his very nature, a need to express himself in his work and thereby to perfect his own being. Because these companies are financing replacement and plant expansion out of their own profits, they grow at a very rapid rate.
From its very inception it reveals the creating hand of God. These magistrw result in surpluses and scarcities. But it is worthwhile stressing here how timely and imperative it is that workers be given the opportunity to exert their influence throughout the State, and not just within the limits of their own spheres of employment.
They also take into account the principal characteristics of contemporary society, and are thus acceptable to all. Mzter precaution was to be taken to prevent the civil authority from intervening in any way in economic matters.
Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress
And it is the natural right of the workers to work without hindrance, freely, and on their own initiative within these associations for the achievement of these ends. We are aware how deeply the public conscience has been affected in recent years by the urgent need of supporting the economic development and social progress of those countries which are still struggling against poverty and economic disabilities.
Octogesima adveniens Populorum progressio. On the one hand we are shown the fearful specter of want and misery which threatens to extinguish human matsr, and on the other hand we find scientific discoveries, technical inventions and economic resources being used to provide terrible instruments of ruin and death.
All this implies that the workers have their say in, and make their own contribution to, the efficient running and development of the encilica. Its remuneration, therefore, cannot be made to depend on the state of the market.
But these problems can become difficult of solution, or even enciclicq, if man, led astray in mind and perverted in will, turns to such means as are opposed to right reason, and seeks ends that are contrary to his encicpica nature and the intentions of Providence.
If they show themselves alive to the common good and contribute to its realizations, they can legitimately demand that their efforts for the improvement of agricultural conditions be seconded and complemented by public authority. Our beloved sons, the laity, can do much to help this diffusion of Catholic social doctrine by studying it themselves and putting it into practice, and by zealously striving to make others understand it.
Mater et Magistra (May 15, ) | John XXIII
There were those who presumed to accuse the Church of taking no interest in social matters other than to preach resignation to the poor and generosity to the rich, but Leo XIII had no hesitation in proclaiming and defending the legitimate rights of the workers.
It describes a necessity to work towards authentic community in order to promote human dignity. We are filled with an overwhelming sadness when We contemplate the sorry spectacle of millions of workers in many lands and entire continents condemned through the inadequcy of their wages to live with their families in utterly sub-human conditions.
Such action would, moreover, have harmful impact on international relations, and constitute a menace to world peace. Le Happy Merchant added it May 01, In short, it should be a policy designed to promote useful employment, enterprising initiative, and the exploitation of local resources. This, he taught, necessitated an orderly reconstruction of society, with the establishment of economic and vocational bodies which would be autonomous and independent of the State.
The wise development, the encouragement within limits, of that genius, those qualities, does no harm; and if a nation cares to take precautions, to lay down rules, for that end, it has the Church’s approval.