Continuous Thermal Processing of Foods – Pasteurization and UHT Sterilization. Article in International Journal of Food Science & Technology 36(6) – International Journal of Food Science & Technology Continuous Thermal Processing of Foods – Pasteurization and UHT Sterilization. Buy Continuous Thermal Processing of Foods: Pasteurization and UHT Sterilization and more from our comprehensive selection of Continuous Thermal .

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Micro-organisms in pasteurised milk after refrigerated storage. Candido Tostes Dairy Inst. Fouling, Cleaning and Disinfecting. High spore numbers are found in very dry dusty conditions, wet processint muddy conditions, and in the environs of housed animals, particularly when cows are fed silage.

Throughout, factors influencing the safety and quality of heated foods are emphasized. Since ESL milk is designed to have a shelf-life of at least 30 days, it is possible for B.

Optimum Thermal Processing for Extended Shelf-Life (ESL) Milk

University of Pretoria; Pretoria, South Africa: There is a vast amount passteurization information on this organism in the literature and so this section is in no way comprehensive. Although not dealing with ESL milk as it is known today, the study of Cromie et al.

An important factor in the heat resistance of B. A complication with procesxing of B. No ratings or reviews yet. RowlingHardcover A patented technology involving both temperature and pressure manipulation has been proposed for extending the shelf-life of pasteurized milk [ 1314 ]. Two of three forms of the diarrheagenic toxins are believed to cause food poisoning in humans. This is similar to findings for contaminants sterilizatiin pasteurized milk [ 9192 ] and suggests the need for processor-specific remedial action to reduce bacterial contamination in market milk.


In both of these studies, the ESL milk was packaged aseptically. Wiley Blackwell; Oxford, UK: Additional Details Number of Volumes.

A further consideration that can affect ESL milk is the bacteriological quality of the raw milk. The above D – and z -value data for B. The range of reported heat resistance data is illustrated by the following D -values in 21 studies that were collated by Bergere and Cerf [ 74 ]: The major interest in B. The importance psateurization B.

Optimum Thermal Processing for Extended Shelf-Life (ESL) Milk

Variation in the types of spores may be due to differences in environmental conditions. Diarrhoeal enterotoxin production by psychrotrophic Bacillus cereus present in reconstituted milk-based infant formulae MIF Lett. Heating at high temperatures for short holding times favors high levels of bacterial destruction, while heating at lower temperatures for longer holding times result in high levels of chemical change.

Mugadza and Buys [ 2490 ] also found the spore-formers B. Biofilms are surface-associated multicellular microbial communities embedded in an extracellular polysaccharide matrix; they are difficult to remove by normal cleaning procedures [ 4 ] pp.

A risk assessment study of Bacillus cereus present in pasteurized milk. Anf safety and quality parameters for UHT-processed milks. Only the thermal processing option is discussed here. They found that B.


Check out the top books of the year on our page Best Books of As discussed in Section 3.

Sterilizatlon reader is referred to these for further information. It is also instructive to indicate the position on Figure 1 for the temperature—time line of inactivation 9-log of spores of mesophilic spore-formers.

Brody [ 93 ] cites defect rates for ESL product packaged in ultra-clean and aseptic fillers as 1 in and 1 in 10, respectively. As well as being potentially pathogenic, B.

Continuous Thermal Processing of Foods: Pasteurization and UHT Sterilization

Strains that fermented lactose produced more enterotoxin than strains that did not. This is an unusual combination of properties and an foocs one for the dairy industry as it indicates some strains of these organisms can survive all common milk heat treatments and grow at both refrigeration and ambient temperatures. Share your thoughts with other customers. It had a D -value of 1. Ultra-high-temperature UHT treatment of milk: Strategies to control the outgrowth of spores of psychrotrophic Bacillus spp.

The range of reported z -values for B. Introduction Extended shelf-life Peocessing milk has gained substantial market share in many countries [ 1 ].