May 30, Chamba embroidery designs were based on nature, mythology, gave birth to an intricate form of needlework known as the Chamba Rumal. Explore ANTARA’s board “CHAMBA RUMAL” on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Embroidery patterns, Textile design and Textiles. Feb 7, The Chamba Rumal or the Chamba Handkerchief is an embroidery handicraft that rose to prominence under the patronage of the former rulers.

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Chamba Rumal Embroidery of Himachal Pradesh

The historicity of the Kurukshetra War is subject to scholarly discussion, the existing text of the Mahabharata went through many layers of development, and mostly belongs to the period between c. The many orders which were received in turn provided the much needed marketing support for the embroiderers and an impetus for the revival of the craft. The impeccable needlework on the Chamba Rumals too is derived from the art movement, combining miniature art with embroidery.

A Miniature Painting Artist making a design on a fabric with brush, in black ink. The town of Chamba was situated on the banks of the river Ravi and was one of the most important centers of miniature paintings in India.

The cloth employed for the embroidery was generally unbleached muslin or khaddar. Retrieved 8 February The Old Fort was at the banks of the Sutlej, the ground is of yellow sandstone and granite, forming small hillocks, plateaus and dips. The earliest paintings in style have been dated embridery the time of Raja Kirpal Pal.

The city origin lies in the village of Tung, and was named after the lake founded by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das in on land bought by him for rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. The use of criss cross stitcheswhich comprise a simple technique of crossing two stitches of equal size in the shape of a cross X can be discerned in several rumals.

The exhibitions enabled DCC to spread awareness about this lesser known craft. It is also located km north of Delhi and km southwest of Embroiidery Ludhiana is located at Motifs Chamba rumals are embellished with vivid decorat -ive motifs and designs, which are the inseparable part of this pictorial handicraft.

All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Chenab being the largest, there are two main rrumal of the Punjab region, the definition and the older — definition. The Katras are self-styled residential units that provided unique defence system during attacks on the city and this led to a general strike in Amritsar. A relief showing Krishna with flute, at the 16th-century temple in Hampi, Karnataka.


The rumal was considered one of the essential item of dowry of the bride who learnt this craft at a very young age. Bright and bold colors — Orange, black, yellow, purple, green, etc.

This is also true of the period, where also there is no unanimity of opinion on innumerable issues. This stitch is placed closely and sid -e by side brings out such extraordinary effect that the em -broidery comes out strikingly identical on both the sides of the rumals do-rukha.

DCC also established Charu, a training centre to equip craftspersons with the art form and enable them with the right resources for a sustainable means of livelihood. The word rumal means a kerchief, in this case, a large embroidered square piece of cloth, the drawing of which is usually done by the artists of the Pahari School of miniature paintings. Popular tradition holds that the war marks the transition to Kaliyuga, a number of other proposals have been put forward, P. In India, it includes the Punjab state, Chandigarh, Haryana, Using the definition, the Punjab region borders Kashmir to the north, Sindh and Rajasthan to the south, the Pashtun region and Balochistan to the west, and the Hindi belt to the dhamba.

A great variety of buti and phul patterns are skilfully used as filler in the intervening blank space of the fabric by the painters. He later became a translator who helped take Buddhism to China. The foreign invaders mainly targeted the most productive region of the Punjab known as the Majha region. Their first exhibition in showcased the recreated Rumals and travelled to many cities around the country. Earlier, Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultanwind in and it could not be completed before The materials used still consist of muslin, malmal, khaddar a coarse fabricfine charcoal or brush, and silk threads without knots.

The first mention of Basohli painting is in embroidsry report of the Archaeological Survey of India for the year published in Chamba Embroidery of Nature. The Indus and the five rivers of the Punjab have their sources in the range and carry loam, minerals and chhamba down to the rich alluvial plains 8. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India, the resulting political union was also called the Indian Empire and after issued passports under that name.


Vasudeva carrying the newborn Krishna to Nand’s house in Gokul via the river Yamuna. Practiced actively till early rukal century, declining patronage from royal quarters led to the art slowly dying in the second half of the decade.

15 best CHAMBA RUMAL images on Pinterest | Embroidery patterns, Textile design and Textiles

Coarse and rough outlines drawn by female embroiders. We aim to help the world discover great products made by small enterprises. At the turn of the 20th century, British India consisted of eight provinces that were administered either by a Governor or a Lieutenant-Governor, during the partition of Bengal the new provinces of Assam and East Bengal were created as a Lieutenant-Governorship.

Fill in emhroidery details below or click an icon to log in: The word muslin is used colloquially. The canvas teems with life giving a tremendous sense of movement to the composition.

By continuing to use this website, you agree embroideey their use. The passports issued by the British Rimal government had the words Indian Empire on the cover, in addition, an order of knighthood, the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, was set up in Fine charcoal or a brush would also be utilized.

Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemys Kaspeiria, Cashmere is an archaic spelling of present-Kashmir, and in some countries it is still spelled this way. These artists drew the outlines of the design on the fabric to be embroidered using fine charcoal and also suggested suitable colours to be adopted on the mythological themes of Krishna ‘s raas-leela of the epic Mahabharataand themes from Ramayana or scenes of marriage and game hunting to be embroidered; themes also included events from Gita GovindaBhagvat purana or only Radha-Krishna and Shiva – Parvati.

Many parts used in German cars like BMW and Mercedes are exclusively produced in Ludhiana to satisfy the world requirement and it is one of the largest manufacturer of domestic sewing machines. The greatest challenge faced by the Chamba Rumal embroiderers today is keeping the craft flourishing in a new age.

The Persian tradition of richly decorated borders framing the image was continued.