THIERRY BALZACQ. Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium and Sciences Po Paris, France. The prime claim of the theory of securitization is that the. theory, showing the existence of multiple audiences in empirical cases and Consequently, for Balzacq securitization is “a sustained strategic. Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security Thierry Balzacq is holder of the Tocqueville Chair on Security.

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Securitization Theory | How Security Problems Emerge and Dissolve | Taylor & Francis Group

In an experiment designed to identify under what circumstances domestic audiences support the use of coercive interrogation during times of armed conflict, Thomson, Geva, and Tkach exposed participants to almost securitizatiion information transmitted in either text or audio form.

There is a tendency to individualize the casualties Can Securitization Theory be used in Normative Analysis? My library Help Advanced Book Search. In my view, there are three main differences between these two perspectives: Inspired by valuable contributions offered by recent and rare quantitative contributions to the securitization debate Vultee; Karyotis and Patrikios ; Lahav and Courtemanche ; Baele and Sterckwe propose to move forward in a constructive way following recent calls for more methodological pluralism and quantitative-qualitative dialogue in constructivist international relations and critical security studies e.

Routledge September 19, Language: See also Balzacq b33 on the predominance of case studies in securitization research. Liberalism Idealism Democratic peace theory Republican liberalism Institutionalism Neoliberalism Interdependence liberalism Sociological liberalism Institutional liberalism.

Moreover, the securitization act, to be successful, must be accepted by the audience, regardless of the subject matter being a real threat. In contrast, participants of an online survey experiment might not see the entire clip or might have audio issues. If not, when does it matter, and how so? Related articles in Web of Science Google Scholar. That each participant may end up in any of the experimental groups through random assignment, being exposed to any given constellation of independent variable manipulation means that they will securitizqtion self-select into certain groupings as occurs in the natural world.

Experimental Agenda for Securitization Theory | International Studies Review | Oxford Academic

Experiments are a useful tool to examine public reactions to elite discourses ,and as such, they could help understand the processes through which issues as varied as immigration, climate change, or epidemics come to be perceived by the public as security threats and thereby moved outside the realm of regular politics in order to be dealt with through extraordinary measures. One scenario used a text full balacq quantitative claims whereas the other one used the exact same text but replaced each quantitative statement by its best qualitative equivalent.


Selection Bias in Comparative Politics. The way I list them below does not establish any hierarchy among them.

Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security studies and IR courses in recent years, and this book represents National security concerns and the making of the Overseas Citizenship of India. Customers who bought this item also bought. Edited By Thierry Balzacq. This article needs additional citations for verification.

The theory now considers nonlinguistic aspects securitizatin from the impact of images on threat perceptions e.

First Published 9 August The theory has experienced growing sophistication, and empirical studies have produced stimulating insights on issues as varied as the politics of immigration, health, climate change, or cybersecurity.

Other approaches International ethics Historical sociology Regime theory State cartel theory Geopolitics. Securitisation theory has theorg one of the key components of security studies and IR courses in recent years, and this book represents the first attempt to provide an integrated and rigorous overview of securitization practices within a coherent framework. The Politics of Insecurity: Revisiting bxlzacq normative debate over normal versus extraordinary politics”.

Securitization (international relations)

For a critical researcher, the issue is central because it is difficult to study security policies and practices without dealing, for instance, with the following questions: Or, more specifically, is it consistently the case that scientific language enhances securitization attempts, as Berlingfor example, argues using only the case of climate change?

In the context of securitization theory, use of group experiments could help pinpoint how group dynamics affect relationships between securitizing actors and the targeted audience. Based on these important findings, experimentation can now systematically allow a direct comparison of the effects of these factors.

Third, experiments present a unique opportunity to identify interaction patterns between a specific securitizing actor and a particular audience, which can help us closely examine the interactional dimension that lies at the core of securitization theory. Furthermore, if something is successfully labelled as a security problem, then the subject can be considered to be an illegitimate subject for political or academic debate.


What does this mean in term of collective responsibility if things go wrong? For example, in the abovementioned experiment of Baele, Sterck, and Coanboth the quantitative and qualitative scenarios were delivered by either an individual evidently imbued with attributes enhancing high scientific legitimacy 25 or an individual obviously devoid of these attributes.

Political Agency, Audience and Context. Employing a factorial experimental design, researchers can compare responses between participants exposed to higher or lower values of the specific theoretical factor of relevance. According to an overview of the field by Roe, securitization theorists tend to treat securitization as a negative process that undermines democratic processes and diminishes necessary scrutiny that would otherwise be focused on political elites.

Or do different styles of securitizing speeches for instance, highly emotional versus highly rational elicit different levels of support? For example, theorists suggest that advocates of space exploration could achieve more success by convincing state actors of the merits of their proposals around the rubric of security rather than science: First, experimental designs are useful tools to compare the effects of different types of securitization support. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Another example for securitized sectors are immigration [9] and bazacq [10] issues in the United States and in Europe. For example, Mnatsakanyan has explained the failure of the British government to get a vote authorizing an intervention in Syria after the gassing of children by highlighting the presence of a broad, post Iraq war context of defiance against any government justifying foreign intervention on the basis of weapons of mass destruction.

This would build on a growing field of research on the different effects produced by different types of political communication.