Giant-cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of blood . Giant-cell arteritis is also known as “cranial arteritis” and ” Horton’s disease.” The name (giant-cell arteritis) reflects the type of inflammatory cell. P. Duhaut, L. Pinede, H. Bornet, S. Demolombe-Rague, C. Dumontet, J. Ninet, et proven and biopsy negative temporal arteritis: differences in clinical. The typical symptoms and findings of giant cell arteritis (GCA) are still too often name “arteritis of the aged,” and later histologically characterized by Horton et al. .. The EFN must be entered in the appropriate field in the

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Mural hyperplasia may lead to arterial narrowing, resulting in distal ischemia [ 9 — 11 ]. Allergic contact dermatitis Mantoux test.

Moreover, in rare cases the temporal artery may be affected in other forms of vasculitis, for example in granulomatosis with polyangiitis Wegener. Analgesics do not relieve the pain. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years.

The diagnosis of Horton arteritis. Hemolytic disease of the newborn.

The resection ends are ligated. Systemic vasculitis M30—M31 The question of whether GCA and PMR are associated with arteriits increased risk of cancer is still under debate, but screening for a malignant tumor, as guided by symptoms and findings, should be carried out as part of the differential diagnostic work-up to clarify the raised ESR 25 Diagnosis and management of giant cell arteritis: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides ed quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal’s impact.

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Giant Cell Arteritis

Alendronate for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Similarly specific are scalp tenderness and abnormalities arteritus the area of the temporal artery temporal artery tenderness, knotty swellings, absence of pulse. The same would be true of, for example, endocarditis, in the first instance. One case of sudden death has been reported when a fast infusion speed was used e SynsnerveiskemiIskemisk opticusnevropatiOpticusnerveiskemiIskemisk optikusnevropatiOptikusnerveiskemi.

Horton’s disease: still an important medical problem in elderly patients: a review and case report

Other diseases and factors such as anemia, hypo- or hypergammaglobulinemia, malignant tumors, infections, or trauma should be included in the differential diagnosis when interpreting the ESR. A meta-analysis of three randomized controlled studies testing the efficacy of methotrexate 7.

The technique is usually performed in combination with computed tomography PET-CTwhich relates anatomic details from CT to the functional information on glucose metabolism gained with PET. Search other sites for arteitis Cell Arteritis’. However, smaller vessels can also be affected: The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy.


Treatment should not be delayed while waiting for confirmation of the diagnosis by biopsy or imaging studies. Retrieved 23 September Giant cell arteritis GCA is the most common systemic vasculitis in persons aged 50 and above incidence, 3. What is the best approach to diagnosing large-vessel vasculitis?

Retrieved 10 February Visual manifestations of giant cell arteritis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. Laboratory tests revealed jorton white blood cells WBC Diagnosis and treatment of giant cell arteritis.

Occlusion of a retinal central artery or arterial branch is much rarer than AION, but also leads to sudden painless loss of vision Figure 1b.

Acetylsalicylic acid ASAosteoporosis prevention vitamin D. About 50 percent of people with giant cell arteritis also have polymyalgia rheumatica.

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Giant Cell Arteritis

American Journal of Neuroradiology. Two to six times more women are affected than hortln. Atopic eczema Allergic urticaria Allergic rhinitis Hay fever Allergic asthma Anaphylaxis Food allergy common allergies include: Long-term corticosteroid treatment in giant cell arteritis. Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology E-Book. See the following website: Treatment of giant cell arteritis: