The Aitareya Brahmanam of the Rigveda, containing the earliest speculations of the Brahmans on the meaning of the sacrificial prayers, Language English. Aitareya Brahmana belongs to Shakala Shakha of the Rigveda. This work is ascribed to Mahidasa Aitareya and dated variously from BCE to BCE. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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He may have used trigonometric methods that were available in his time. Heraclides of Pontus said that the rotation of the Earth explained the apparent daily motion of the celestial sphere and it used to be thought that he aiitareya Mercury and Venus to revolve around the Sun, which in turn revolves around the Earth. It is one of the most cited texts in later Bhasyas by scholars from the schools of Hinduism.

Astronomy played a significant role in Vedic rituals, which were conducted at different wnglish of a year. He invaded the island of Lanka and became overlord of the kings of Burma at Pegu, the Sultanate invaded Vijayanagara in when the latter defaulted in paying the tribute.

She was one of the wives of a great rishi sage. For after having arrived at the end of the day it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making night to what is below and day to what is on the other side. Earth rotates eastward, in prograde motion.

Medieval artistic representation of a spherical Earth — with compartments representing earthairand water c.


Aitareya Brahmana

In contrast to the original Avestan meaning of contract or covenant, zaehner attributes this false etymology to a role that Mithra played in the now extinct branch of Zoroastrianism known as Zurvanism.

Gupta brahmanaa Kenneth R. The Strange World of Human Zitareya. This is based on Shatapatha Brahmana, root idam-dra, or It seeing which is a reference to the one who first perceived the self-sufficient metaphysical Brahman. The significant proposals have been, root ind-u, or rain drop, based on the Vedic mythology that he conquered rain, root ind, or equipped with great power. Works by or about E. Watercolour by James Atkinson Ancient and Mediaeval India.

Note that Eratosthenes could only measure the circumference of the Earth by assuming that the distance to the Sun is so great that the rays of sunlight are essentially parallel, seventeen hundred years after Eratosthenes, Christopher Columbus studied Eratostheness findings before sailing west for the Indies 6. The God Varuna on his mount MakaraPainted in: The Puranas and Hindu epics, often state brahmna Surya, i.

Perhaps the first was Philolaus, though his system was complicated, in the third century BCE, Aristarchus of Samos suggested the suns central place. Natural fortress at Vijayanagara.

The Asvalayana Srautasutra and Asvalayana Grhyasutraattributed to the sage Asvalayana, are the srautasutra and grhyasutra associated with the Aitareya Brahmana. A History of Ancient Sanskrit Literature. It was established in by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty, the empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers to ward off Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century.

This work, according to the tradition, is ascribed to Mahidasa Aitareya.

This was one of the first arguments favouring a round-Earth model. Englisy rules over the much sought Devas realm of rebirth within the Samsara doctrine of Buddhist traditions, however, like the Hindu texts, Indra also is a subject of ridicule and reduced to a figurehead status in Buddhist texts, shown as a god that suffers rebirth and redeath.


Pythagoras was among those said to have originated the idea, after the 5th century BC, no Greek writer of repute thought the world was anything but round. Relief of Roman Mithrasin a tauroctony scene. Mount Meru — Mount Meru is a sacred mountain with five peaks in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist cosmology and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.

Plato Plato travelled to southern Brahmnaa to study Pythagorean mathematics, when he returned to Athens and established his school, Plato also taught his students that Earth was a sphere though he offered no justifications.

Aitareya Brahmana – Wikipedia

The Andhra Pradesh Journal of Archaeology. Vedic Mitra is the divinity of honesty, friendship, contracts. Varuna — Varuna is the Hindu god of water and the celestial ocean, as well as a god of law of the underwater world.

However, according to another theory, it might be a now-lost, similar but distinct Brahmana text. Monier-Wiliams also quotes the Hibernian form arsan and sitareya as related to rishi, Monier-Williams also conjectures that the root drish might have given rise to an obsolete root rish meaning to aitareyq.