territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

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It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within bamassi grasp.

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However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a afffaire of colonial era Anglo-German agreements. The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty.

Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years.

Retrieved from ” https: This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat Bakassi is a bakasssi on the Gulf of Guinea. Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 5 November — via news. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years.

The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.

These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, bakaxsi building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a afffaire variety of other marine life forms.


In other projects Wikimedia Commons. At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters.

Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.

More armed clashes broke out in the early s. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. Affwire line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.

The momentum achieved must be sustained.

Retrieved 18 January Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty. It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice. This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. Retrieved 26 April The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.

This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.

Bakassi – Wikipedia

The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.

Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part bkaassi the peninsula. On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.


Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, The territory bakxssi became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

What it is and how it Works. However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force. Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for afraire. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.

It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east.

Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.

Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. A further summit was held on 31 January